The word Y (spelled with
the letter i griega) means "and ".
It is pretty straight forward and
functions just as the English word "and" does:
|Ana y María van a la discoteca.
||Ana and María go to the discoteque.
|Miro Project Runway y Betty la fea.
watch Project Runway and Betty La Fea.
|Y tomo café también
||And I have coffee too.
However, there is one change which occurs to Y:
changes to e
when it comes in front of words starting with i
|Raquel es bonita
||Rachel is pretty
|Habla ruso, español
||She speaks Russian, Spanish
|Estudia las novelas de
Pérez Fermat e Hijuelos.
||She's studying the novels
of Pérez Fermat and Hijuelos.
How to make words plural in Spanish:
- If a word ends in an unaccented vowel, simply add "s":
- If a word ends in a consonant other than
Z, or ends in an accented vowel, add "es":
- If a word ends with a Z, change the
Z to C and add "es":
Words which end in a consonant and have an accent on the last syllable in the singular form, will drop the accent in the plural form.
This is because all words ending in a consonant will add es which adds another syllable. Since the word now ends in s and the stress is still on the originally accented syllable, the accent mark is no longer needed. Spanish has no unnecessary accent marks. If a word has an accent mark, it is there for a reason. Review Accents & Pronunciation.