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Grammar Basics

Verbs

Vocabulary

Spanish 101A

Spanish 101B

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In English we cannot use Double Negatives:

*I don't see nobody. *He never does nothing in the afternoons.

However, in Spanish we can use double negatives:

No veo a nadie. Nunca hace nada por las tardes.
Indefinite & Affirmative Negative

Siempre

A veces

Always

Sometimes

Nunca, jamás never, (never) ever

También

Yo también

a mí también

Also positive

I as well

me too

tampoco a mí

tampoco

Neither/also negative

Me neither

Alguien Someone, somebody, anyone Nadie no one, nobody
Algo Something, anything nada nothing
O.... o... Either... or... Ni.... ni... Neither... nor...

Alguno (noun)

Algún, Alguna, Algunos, Algunas (Adj.)

Some

Niguno (noun)

Ningún, Ninguna (adj.)

(no plural forms)

Not one (none)

Making Negative Statements

1. We need to negate the verb.

We can do that by using a negative word in front of the verb:

Nunca estudio el francés. I never study French.
Yo tampoco lo estudio. I don’t study it either.
Nadie estudia el francés. No one studies French.
No lo estudiamos. We don’t study it.
Ni estudia el francés ni el alemán. He studies neither French nor German.

2. We can negate the verb using "no" and add additional negative words:

¿Compraste algo en la librería? 

Did you buy something/anything at the bookstore?
Hoy no compré nada. I didn’t buy anything today.
¿Hay alguien en la sala de clase?  Is there anyone/someone in the classroom? 
No, no hay nadie.  No, there is no one / there isn’t anyone. 
¿Hay algunas frutas en casa? Are there some/any fruits (Is there any fruit) at home?
No, no nay ninguna. Nope, there aren't any (there isn't a single one.)

Alguien and nadie refer to a person

So when they are direct objects, they will also need an Personal A.

¿Conoces a alguien en esta fiesta? Do you know anyone at this party?
No, no conozco a nadie.

No, I don't know anyone

[literally, "I don't know nobody"]