The Informal commands (AKA Telling your family & friends to do stuff!)
When we are with friends, siblings or children, we can order them around more casually. There is a command form for this that is more casual than the Formal Command.
We can think of the formation of the Tú commands one of two ways:
For example, here are some common affirmative Tú commands:
Hurrah! Not too difficult!
And there are only 8 (eight!) irregular affirmative Tú commands:
(you knew there had to be a couple):
Forming the negative commands in the Informal is a bit trickier.
Let's take a look. To form the negative Tú commands, you need to first remember how to form the First Person Singular (Yo) in the Present Tense.
- We need to conjugate it in the first person: Hago
- Now let's drop the o so we are left with: Hag-
- Now we add the opposite ending* which for Hacer is "-as", and add No [because we are making a negative command]
- And we have our negative Tú command: No hagas
All of the eight irregular affirmative commands follow the above pattern in the negative commands. (Note that Object pronouns always are placed before the verb in all negative commands.)
|¡Di la verdad!||Tell the truth!|
|¡No digas realmente lo que pasó!||Don't tell what really happened!|
|¡Ven acá!||Come here!|
|¡No vengas acá!||Don't come over here!|
|¡Sal del carro!||Get out of the car!|
|¡No salgas del carro!||Don't get out of the car!|
|¡Ten cuidado!||Be careful!|
|¡No tengas cuidado!||Don't be careful!|
|¡Ponlo en la mesa!||Put it on the table!|
|¡No lo pongas en la mesa!||Don't put it on the table!|
|¡No lo hagas!||Don't do it!|
|¡Sé simpático!||Be nice!|
|¡No seas tonto!||Don't be silly!|
|¡Vete!||Get out of here! (Get lost!)|
|¡No te vayas!||Don't go!|